Renunciation of the privileges and prerogatives of an office. The act of a sovereign in renouncing and relinquishing his government or throne, so that either the throne is left entirely vacant, or is filled by a successor appointed or elected beforehand.
Also, where a magistrate or person in office voluntarily renounces or gives it up before the time of service has expired. It differs from resignation, in that resignation is made by one who has received his office from another and restores it into his hands, as an inferior into the hands of a superior; abdication is the relinquishment of an office which has devolved by act of law. It is said to be a renunciation, quitting, and relinquishing, so as to have nothing further to do with a thing, or the doing of such actions as are inconsistent with the holding of it

Black's law dictionary. . 1990.

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  • abdication — [ abdikasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1406; lat. abdicatio 1 ♦ Action d abdiquer, de renoncer à qqch. ⇒ abandon, renonciation. L abdication de sa volonté, de ses ambitions. « Tout plutôt que l abdication de la raison, de la justice devant la force brutale »… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abdication — • Ecclesiastically considered, is the resignation of a benefice or clerical dignity Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Abdication     Abdication      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Abdication — (from the Latin abdicatio , disowning, renouncing, from ab , away from, and dicare , to declare, to proclaim as not belonging to one) is the act of renouncing and resigning from a formal office, especially from the supreme office of state. In… …   Wikipedia

  • abdication — I noun abandonment, abdicatio, abjuration, demission, departure, deposition, dethronement, eiuratio, leaving, quitting, relinquishment, renunciation, resignation, surrender, surrender of control, uncrowning, vacating, vacation, withdrawal foreign …   Law dictionary

  • abdication — Abdication. s. f. v. Action par laquelle on abdique. L abdication de Dioclétien, l abdication de Charles Quint. Il se prend aussi passivement, & se dit par rapport à la chose abdiquée. L abdication de l Empire …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Abdication — Ab di*ca tion, n. [L. abdicatio: cf. F. abdication.] The act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office, dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary renunciation of sovereign power; as, abdication of the throne, government,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • abdication — (n.) 1550s, a disowning, from L. abdicationem (nom. abdicatio) renunciation, abdication, noun of action from pp. stem of abdicare (see ABDICATE (Cf. abdicate)); sense of resignation of sovereignty is from 1680s …   Etymology dictionary

  • Abdication — (v. lat., Absagung), 1) (Abdicatioliberorum), Verstoßung des Sohnes aus der väterlichen Gewalt; 2) (Abdicatioatutela), Ablösung einer beschwerlichen Obliegenheit, bes. der Vormundschaft; 3) (Abdicatio juris), freiwillige Entäußerung eines Rechts; …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Abdication — Abdication, 1. Verzicht, Ablehnung, Abdankung; 2. Verstoßung unwürdiger Kinder; factisch wohl, aber rechtlich nicht können sich die Eltern ihrer Pflichten entbinden …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Abdication — L abdication (du latin abdicatio, renier, renoncer ; ab de, et dicare, déclarer, proclamer comme n appartenant pas à quelqu un) est l acte selon lequel une personne renonce et cède d elle même sa fonction avant l expiration du temps… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ABDICATION — s. f. Action par laquelle on renonce volontairement à une dignité souveraine dont on est revêtu. Il se dit en parlant De celui qui abdique, et De la chose abdiquée. L abdication de Dioclétien. L abdication de Christine, reine de Suède. Charles… …   Dictionnaire de l'Academie Francaise, 7eme edition (1835)

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